Homes for sale, Farms for sale in California | Page 1 of 28 | Country Homes of America
CountryHomesofAmerica.com
#1 in Rural Real Estate Online

Country Homes for Sale in California
Find Farms, Ranches, and Acreage for Sale

Homes for sale on Farms in California - Page 1 of 28

27 photos
Featured
$799,000 45 acres 4 Beds | 3 Baths | 1 ½ Bath | 3000 sqft
6171 Doster Rd, Mountain Ranch, California 95246 - Calaveras County

Custom Hilltop home 45+ acres with 2 and home Cottage

Just a short drive from the charming town of San Andreas Ca. is this spectacular and very private hilltop view home, with second guest cottage on 45+ Acres. The main custom designed home with stunning 360-degree views sits watching the country life unfold while the cottage below stands ready for your guest, or possible rental. Property is fenced with plenty of room to roam for your favorite farm animals of choice:) On the hilltop home you will find wrap around decks, Brazilian wood floors, room for guest in the bonus room, 2 car garage, and custom appliances, custom designed finishes including wonderful staircase to 3rd level. The windows are designed to take in the views from every direction and take advantage of the nightly breathtaking s
Bruce Champion Gateway Sotheby's International Realty
15 photos
Featured
$3,400,000 170.74 acres
7689 Becker Road, Davis, California 95618 - Solano County

Becker Road Farms

Becker Road Farms is an assemblage of three legal parcels, comprised of open irrigated row crop farm, having prime virgin soils with developed groundwater resources for irrigation and utilized for intensive row crop production. These are outstanding resources that are well-suited for higher permanent crop plantation. Each parcel fronts along the N. side of Becker Road and extends northerly into the S. Fork of Putah Creek. Featuring about 85% Class 1 soilspredominately from the Yolo soil series. These deep loamy soils have no limitations and its truly rare that soils like this become available. There are two operating deep wells equipped with electric motors and turbine pumps. The two wells combined yield over 3,000 GPM. Well #1 is situate
Jim Wirth, ALC TRI Commercial Real Estate Services
13 photos
$2,500,000 245.06 acres
11095 State Highway 16, Brooks, California 95606 - Yolo County

Biggest Little Farm

The property consist of 245 gross acre with 2,200+/- feet of frontage along Cache Creek. The acreage is described as 85 acres of irrigated row and field crops, 16.5 acres planted to orchards, 21 acres in irrigated pasture and 15 acres in dryland crops. The property is currently operated as a certified organic farm. The buildings are utilized in the organic farming operation and include a 5,000 s.f. warehouse packing shed with a 1,050 s.f. cooler, modular home and various outbuildings and sheds. Irrigation water is lifted from two on-site sumps and distributed through a series of underground pipelines and drip irrigation systems.
John Brennan Brennan, Jewett & Associates
21 photos
$320,000 640 acres
3504 San Jose Road, Colusa, California 95932 - Colusa County

REDUCED-Cortina Waterfowl Hunting Club

Cortina Land And Cattle Corporation 640 Acres, M/L Rice And Waterfowl Hunting Club A good portion of this club is dedicated to preserving waterfowl and wildlife habitat to ensure there will always be live waterfowl living on the club in the future. There are 19 strategic hunting locations (duck blinds) located within the wetland habitat and rice areas. LOCATION: Cortina is a historic 100-year-old waterfowl hunting club and is located three (3) miles m/l north of the Colusa National Waterfowl Refuge Sanctuary and two (2) miles south of the Delevan National Waterfowl Refuge. The east border of the property is just west of the 2047 Colusa drain canal which flows between and through the Colusa National Waterfowl Refuge, the Delevan N
Fred Southam Stromer Realty Company of California
20 photos
$990,000 243 acres 5 Beds | 3 Baths | 3876 sqft
19710 State Highway 89, Hat Creek, California 96040 - Shasta County

Circle U Ranch on Hat Creek

Beautiful green meadows with Hat Creek running through is the setting for this 243 acre cattle ranch. Featuring 80 acres of flood irrigated fields. Remaining property has historically been used for grazing. Rock home with 5 bedrooms and 3 baths in 3876 sf of living space. Hat Creek is a premier fishing destination and this ranch offers over 4000 feet of private and secluded frontage. Although now used as a cattle ranch, it could easily be used as an equestrian venue. Property Highlights: Lush 80 acres of flood irrigated fields, with water distributed from open distibuted from open ditch from the creek Remaining property has historically been used for grazing. Fenced and cross fenced. Unique lava rock home with open kitchen and dining are
California Outdoor Properties California Outdoor Properties
20 photos
$1,395,000 343 acres 3 Beds | 2 Baths | 2000 sqft
4286 Penon Blanco Rd., Coulterville, California 95311 - Mariposa County

Penon Blanco Ranch

Water abounds on this magnificent 343 acre ranch in Mariposa County, just about 45 minutes from Yosemite National Park.  A 100 GPM domestic well, a 25 GPM and 15 GPM ag wells, an artesian spring, and seasonal Piney Creek ensure that there is plenty of water for most any land use you have in mind.  Bring your animals, bring your ATVs, and if you are a hunter you will appreciate the variety of trophy bucks, turkeys, and upland game birds found on this ranch.  This ranch would make an ideal family compound, a first class equestrian property, or a premier cattle ranch on this property steeped in western history. Located along the John Muir trail, this ranch was once a regular stagecoach stop on the way to Yosemite. This former dairy farm, which
California Outdoor Properties California Outdoor Properties
12 photos
$1,400,000 146.97 acres
14110 Ridge Road, Sutter Creek, California 95685 - Amador County

Amador County Ranching & Agricultural Investment Opportunity

Ideal investment opportunity awaits at this rare 146.97 acre former vineyard & winery operation located in the heart of Amador Countys wine country. Held by a pioneering family in the California wine industry for more than 3 decades, this incredible property is situated in the Sierra foothills near the historic towns of Sutter Creek and Jackson. A formerly operated roadside winery, tasting room, processing facility and event venue offers much potential for a variety of future development. Developed infrastructure is in place, including water, power, septic and road systems, in addition to several well-built buildings. Great potential for an agri-tourism farm operation or farm experience, event space, an expansive legacy ranch or many oth
Donn Bree & Meriah Druliner Red Hawk Realty
59 photos
$1,299,000 65 acres 4 Beds | 3 Baths | 1 ½ Bath | 4027 sqft
5100 Hornitos Road, Catheys Valley, California 95306 - Mariposa County

Ultimate Family Horse Ranch

THE ULTIMATE FAMILY HORSE RANCH! Experience the Town and Country Lifestyle with this 65+/- Acre Estate located in Catheys Valley. Only 50 scenic miles away from Yosemite Valley and an easy 2.5 hours from the hustle and bustle of the SF Bay Area! This 4,000+ sf custom home with a custom 20' x 40' built in pool (with electric cover) is strategically positioned in the beautiful backyard, surrounded by majestic oaks offering a retreat like feeling. Designed with a family in mind who enjoys entertaining inside and out, this home wants for nothing. It has gorgeous front and back porches complete with ceiling fans. Inside the spacious 4 bedrooms, 3 1/2 bathrooms, with a large office and great room, provides enough room to spread out. Complete w
Brett Baumann Catheys Valley Real Estate / Mariposa Homes & Land Co.
34 photos
$22,000,000 7,217.57 acres
7400 Merced Falls Rd, Snelling, California 95369 - Merced County

Kelsey Ranch

What makes a good ranch is the land and topography. But what makes a great ranch is the water. This ranch has it all. The 7,217.57 +/- acre Kelsey Ranch is located in both Merced and Mariposa Counties in Snelling, California. It is located about 25 miles from the Merced Regional Airport. The ranch consists of mostly gentle to rolling terrain along with some steep topography with a varied elevation of 330-815 ft. Historically, the ranch has been utilized for cattle grazing purposes. Currently, it can run 500 cow/calf pairs year-round. In addition, on a good year, it can run up to 800 steers for a 6-month season. There are irrigated pastures and croplands, dryland farming, and opportunity for permanent plantings. Irrigation water derives from
California Outdoor Properties California Outdoor Properties
20 photos
$499,500 20 acres
6992 Riata Way, Angels Camp, California 95222 - Calaveras County

Riata Ranch

Riata Ranch: 20 spectacular acres with amazing views!! Watching the sunrise over the many mountains of the Stanislaus National Forest, your mind drifts as your cares melt away. There are views from every part of the property, from the orchard to the pastures, to the wrap around deck of this updated 3 bed/ 2 bath custom home that has it all including newer appliances.  The large shop has 220V power, wood stove and AC, plus a huge Covered Motor Home garage, The plants, orchard, and garden are irrigated on timers. Circle paved driveway. New fencing. Shade sail for additional covered parking. This peaceful and serene property feels miles away from it all, Yet you are only 15 minutes to Angels Camp, Copperopolis, and San Andreas. 30 minutes to M
California Outdoor Properties California Outdoor Properties
11 photos
$799,000 40 acres
Corning, California 96021 - Tehama County

Dawson Road Ranch/Farm

2018 planted an almond orchard with new well and 100 hp pump just west of Corning. Here's your chance to purchase a new orchard that's heading into production. 50% Nonpareils, Monterey and Aldrich. Property Information Crops Almonds. DRIVEWAY Dirt. UTILITIES Electric. ROADS Dirt. SPRINKLERS Drip System. WATER SUPPLY Well-Private. ORCHARD/CROP TYPE Almonds. IRRIGATION TYPE Micro Sprinklers LOT DESCRIPTION Flat, Rolling, Trees, Orchard, View
Tara Ellis Stromer Realty Red Bluff
5 photos
$1,100,000 200.39 acres
14110 Ridge Road, Sutter Creek, California 95685 - Amador County

Amador County Acreage

Stunning 200.39 acre property situated in the Sierra foothills near the historic towns of Sutter Creek and Jackson ideal of farming or agri-tourism businesses, or to create a one of a kind legacy ranch. Held by a pioneering family in the California wine industry for more than 3 decades, this incredible property includes remnants of several varieties of wine grapes. Turning onto the ranch reveals an oak-studded terrain and gentle ridges with incredible panoramic, pastoral views. This property has special appeal as a result of not having been developed for residential use; a pristine palette upon which the discriminating buyer can create their own vision. Agriculture and tourism are the dominant economic activities in this historic Gold Rush
Donn Bree & Meriah Druliner Red Hawk Realty
23 photos
$1,150,000 146 acres 3 Beds | 3 Baths | 2000 sqft
16100 Red Bank Rd, Red Bluff, California 96080 - Tehama County

REDUCED! Gorgeous 146-acre Ranch

Gorgeous 146-acre ranch with 83 acres of income producing walnut orchards and approximately 59 acres of fenced pasture area perfect for horses, cattle or farmland. There is a beautiful 2,000 sq. ft. farmhouse with an additional 600 sq. ft. of enclosed porches and future in-law setup/second master suite. LOCATION: The property is located at 16100 Red Bank Road in Tehama County. The town of Red Bluff lies 14 miles east of the property and it takes about 20 minutes to get to the ranch. Red Bluff has a population of approximately 14,000 people and is an incorporated city. Red Bluff is approximately 30 miles south of Redding and 40 miles northwest of Chico and 125 miles north of Sacramento. DESCRIPTION: Gorgeous 146-acre ranch with
Stromer Realty Stromer Realty Company of California
20 photos
$799,000 7.75 acres 3 Beds | 2 Baths | 1 ½ Bath | 2400 sqft
32500 Road 144, Visalia, California 93292 - Tulare County

7.75 Ac. Home, Citrus & Horse Property, Visalia

Location 32500 Rd. 144, Visalia, CA. Located just north of Visalia. Size +/-7.75 Assessed Acres Legal Tulare County APN 108-250-023 House Charming 2,400 s.f., 3 bedroom, 2.5 bathroom, 2 story home in excellent condition. Spacious, lots of storage, 4 car attached garage w/ large attic, private gated entry, paved driveway, huge yard, new well, mature trees, patio, raised-bed garden. Plantings +/-4 acres Tango variety mandarins (planted 2013) Water One on-site well provides water to the trees and home. Drilled in 2018, 400 deep, 7.5hp pump, able to irrigate citrus trees in one set. Additional well on property is capped. Remarks Horse lovers dream! Beautiful country property on +/-7.75 acres just north of Visalia. Truly must se
Douglas Phillips Schuil & Associates
29 photos
$890,000 1,729 acres
Live Oak, California 95953 - Sutter County

1/15th Interest - Live Oak Gun Club

1/15th Ownership Interest The Live Oak Gun Club is one of the most recognized duck clubs in California, while sitting in the heart of the most hallowed waterfowl hunting grounds in North America, the Butte Sink. While most people dream of getting to hunt a place this special in their lifetime, this is an opportunity to be an owner and member. The Live Oak Gun Club has 15 members who pride themselves on having one of the highest mallard harvest totals in all of the Butte Sink. The management of this 1,729 +/- acre club sees year-around maintenance on the marsh that keep local and migrating birds coming back year after year. The club shoots Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday mornings and also offers afternoon hunts on Tuesdays and Fridays
Bradley Hulbert LAND X Real Estate, Inc
26 photos
$414,000 34.5 acres
17680 Morgan Valley Road, Lower Lake, California 95457 - Lake County

Vineyard Land in Lower Lake

This property is very suitable for vineyard, orchard, or other agricultural endeavors. Most of the fully fenced 34.5-acre parcel (per county) is level with approximately 12 acres of an old vineyard (said to be cabernet) which reportedly hasn't been farmed since 2008. There is an existing well of unknown quantity, or, quality which did supply the old vineyard. The Clayton fire did go through a portion of the old vineyard. However, some of the vines are still showing leaves and should produce fruit.
Phillip Thomas, DRE #01160008 National Land Realty
75 photos
$2,875,000 190 acres 3 Beds | 4 Baths | 6000 sqft
4063 Triangle Rd, Mariposa, California 95338 - Mariposa County

4063 TRIANGLE RD.

Luxury European Mountain Estate set on almost 200 acres with stunning Sierra views! The estate features a 6,000 SF Architecturally Designed Home overlooking the grounds of established grape vines, two ponds, a wine processing center and even a family chapel! Enter the main home through a grand foyer to the large living room with a double set of French Doors leading out to the expansive covered patio, crystal blue pool and built-in spa, all overlooking the vineyards. You'll love the huge family-style kitchen with multiple work stations, traditional appliances as well as a working antique stove and oven and also wood-fired stove. From there, step down to a stunning dining room with gorgeous expansive tall windows in a circular pattern overloo
Kori Smith Concierge Real Estate Services Inc.
20 photos
$749,000 21.36 acres
6100 Gray Rock Road, Somerset, California 95684 - El Dorado County

Colibri Ridge Winery

El Dorado County Vineyard & Winery For Sale. 21.36 ac of land located in Fair Play appellation area of El Dorado County, CA. Property contains 3600 sq. ft. fully insulated building with clear hight of ceiling 20'. Full wine processing equipment from receiving, processing, lab testing, fermenting, aging and bottling equipment. There are 5.9 acres of grapes on trellis with drip irrigation. Varieties include Tempranillo, Primitivo, Syrah & Viognier. John Deere 4300 Tractor & equipment is included. This offering is a turn key wine growing, processing and marketing facility. Marketed as Colibri Ridge Winery, it has been maintained in excellent shape it is ready for the individual that wants to get into the wine business at a reasonable c
Outdoor Properties TRI Outdoor Properties
33 photos
$72,000,000 50,500 acres
Livermore, California 94550 - Santa Clara County

N3 Cattle Company

The iconic N3 Cattle Company is on the market for the first time in 85 years. This beautiful and expansive California property spans 50,500 acres through four counties, making it the largest land offering in the State of California. Located just south of Livermore, and east of Oakland and San Jose, it is easily accessed from San Francisco, the Peninsula and the East Bay. The Ranch is completely private and uniquely preserved, healthy and wild as it has been for hundreds of years. It is a vital and rare haven of original California landscape and wildlife. The property encompasses 80 square miles of diverse terrains, flora, fauna, and important watersheds and creeks. N3 has been a working cattle ranch for 85 years and offers a rare look at a
California Outdoor Properties California Outdoor Properties
30 photos
$10,000,000 9,535.56 acres 2 Beds | 2300 sqft
4555 Meridian Road, Vina, California 95973 - Tehama County

Diamond X Ranch

Diamond X Ranch is your classic California winter grazing ranch. Seclusion, privacy, rich with water, and vast open land you can see for miles on end, all in close proximity to popular city areas. Located in Tehama County, in the Vina plains, this 9,535 +/- acre ranch is just 20 miles to Chico or about 23 miles to Red Bluff. The ranch consists of mostly gentle terrain & rolling hills with great truck access due to the paved road around a good portion of the ranch. There is great short grass with strong feed and historical stocking rates of about 800 fall pair. No shortage of water as the ranch is watered from three strong seasonal creeks; Brush Creek, Singer Creek and Rattlesnake Creek, 5 reservoirs, and a water ditch from Deer Creek th
California Outdoor Properties California Outdoor Properties
20 photos
$2,590,000 10 acres 4 Beds | 3 Baths | 3109 sqft
18806 Nancy Amelia Ct., Tracy, California 95304-8330 - San Joaquin County

Gladden Ranch

Luxury living on Equestrian Estate with easy access to Bay Area.  Luxury home includes 4 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, formal entry, formal dining room, gourmet chef's kitchen with large island, granite countertops, Viking appliances, connected family room and 4 car garage with epoxy floor, built-in cabinets and granite counters.  Detached Guest House with private patio and retractable awning.  Well landscaped front yard includes fountain, sprawling lawns, and beautiful wrought-iron perimeter fence.  Lavish pool/spa with fountains and covered outdoor kitchen adjacent to large covered patio to entertain in grand style.  7 Stall barn with stamped concrete aisles, tack room, feed room, utility room, and larage air-conditioned office.  All box stalls
California Outdoor Properties California Outdoor Properties
26 photos
$325,000 1,195 acres
Davis, California 95617 - Yolo County

1/18th Ownership Interest - Glide In Ranch Duck Club

1/18th Ownership Interest Glide-In Ranch Duck Club is the definition of convenience for a duck hunter. With its close proximity to Sacramento International Airport, downtown Sacramento, and Davis; a short drive from the Bay Area and excellent mallard hunting, this club is a duck hunters dream. Glide-In Ranch is a 1,195 +/- acre club which borders Yolo Refuge, one of the most abundant waterfowl migratory refuges in California. Glide-In Ranch has long been one of the best shooting properties in the Greater Sacramento region with consistent bird harvest averages. The ponds, blinds, and wetland habitat are maintained year-around by a caretaker which helps keep the birds coming back year after year. A shared 10-bedroom clubhouse and gr
Bradley Hulbert LAND X Real Estate, Inc
20 photos
$14,900,000 414 acres 7 Beds
9351 Cabrillo Highway, Pescadero, California 94060 - San Mateo County

Bolsa Point Ranch

At the intersection where land meets sea, and verdant rolling hills meet big sky, sits the sprawling coastal farming estate of Bolsa Point Ranch. Consisting of 414 acres of unspoiled oceanfront land next to the historic Pigeon Point Lighthouse in Pescadero, along scenic Highway 1 in San Mateo County, Bolsa Point Ranch is a one of a kind property on California’s beautiful northern coast. This prime oceanside real estate has been preserved for farming, wildlife, and recreational users. The current owners have made a living for decades planting and harvesting brussel sprouts, fava beans, leeks, and peas. The property has dramatic vista points that offer extraordinary views of the rocky coastline, sandy beaches, and Pacific Ocean as far as the
California Outdoor Properties California Outdoor Properties
54 photos
$3,200,000 729.85 acres
811 Middle Honcut Road, Gridley, California 95966 - Butte County

PRICE REDUCED - UPPER VALLEY RANCH

Property Description: Upper Valley Ranch, located on the north end of the famous District 10 Flyway, is a pristine outdoor recreation property currently managed and maintained for year-round enjoyment. California Waterfowl Association restored the property in 1999 entering the property into a perpetual easement. Current ownership enjoy hunting black tail deer, pheasant, quail, dove, ducks, and geese on the property. A 2 acre bass pond is situated between the main cabin, barn and guest compound, surrounded by landscaping perfect for spending time outdoors. A golf practice facility is located at the bass pond with 2 green complexes as targets over the pond simulating the famous #17 at TPC Sawgrass. 18 Acres of Chandler walnuts surround the
Bradley Hulbert LAND X Real Estate, Inc
25 photos
$6,500,000 2,270.8 acres
1989 Old Hernandez Road, Paicines, California 95043 - San Benito County

2,270.8 Ac. J& L Ranch

+/-2,270.80 acre Horse and Cattle Ranch for sale in San Benito County, CA! The J & L Ranch, located in Paicines, San Benito Couty, California was acquired by John and Linda A. Andreini in 1988. After the J & L Ranch was established, it evolved into a renowned breeding ranch for Quarter Horses for the Racing industry. The ranch is managed by Danny Cordoza, a Hall of Fame Jockey. In addition, an Angus cattle breeding operation was established at the same ranch. Next to rolling hills and flat land dry pasture grazing land, the ranch contains equine breeding and training facilities, staff housing, superb luxury private housing facilities, and refined gardens and a pond. The complex as a whole offers highly versatile perspectives including r
Marc Schuil Schuil & Associates
12 photos
$1,350,000 42.72 acres
Davis, California 95618 - Yolo County

42+ Acre Almond Orchard

This ranch is a great piece of property that is tum key and ready to go. The ranch will have revenue in the years to come and with Davis schools and plenty of shopping minutes from the property, the property would also make a beautiful home site. AGE: This orchard was planted in the spring of 2016. WATER: The orchard is irrigated by a new well that is powered by a 50 H.P. electric motor which produces approximately 750 GPM. The electric motor is run by a generator for the time being until PG&E is hooked up. The trees are irrigated via microjet sprinklers throughout the ranch. VARIETIES/SPACING: The newly planted orchard is on 15x22 spacing, and the varieties of the orchard are as follows: 50% -
Stromer Realty Stromer Realty Company of California
25 photos
$3,650,000 1,245 acres
3396 Ben Hur Road, Mariposa, California 95338 - Mariposa County

Rauch Ranch

Take advantage of the rare and incredible opportunity to own this exceptionally versatile 2026+ acre ranch in historic Mariposa County, just about 45 minutes from Yosemite National Park.  The ranch consists of very usable rangeland,  currently with a 250 cow seasonal lease.  The ranch is perimeter and cross-fenced with four traps, four ponds, four wells, and mulitple springs, providing plenty of water for domestic, irrigation, and livestock.  For the cattleman,  there is a good working set of corrals, sweep, squeeze chute, calf table, and livestock scales.   For the equestrian, there is a large wooden 7 stall barn that can store 75 tons of hay.  There is a large riding arena with views of the nearby hills, a 60 foot round-pen, 4 paddocks, a
California Outdoor Properties California Outdoor Properties
1 photos
$1,200,000 57 acres
County Road 89, Winters, California 95694 - Yolo County

Barth 57

The property contains 57 acres and irrigation water is provided by Yolo County Flood Control and Water Conservation District. There are no improvements made on the property and the westerly half is not within the floodplain. It is surrounded by new orchard plantings and includes Class II soil types. The property is enrolled in the Williamson Act Contract and the property taxes will remain low at the close of escrow.
John Brennan Brennan, Jewett & Associates
22 photos
$749,000 9 acres
1840 Orange Avenue, Ramona, California 92065 - San Diego County

Ramona Agricultural Acreage

A cultivators dream property awaits at this 9+ acres farm land property located in the heart of Ramona. Flat, usable land and an acre of established greenhouses provide a wealth of possibilities with plenty of room for expansion and customization. The existing infrastructure is perfectly suited to lucrative business models. This property is surrounded by trees for privacy and includes; an RV pad with hookups, horse stalls, shade structure, micro-office, numerous storage containers and an automatic backup generator. There is ample parking and turnaround space for semi-trucks. The potential is there for residential development. Come explore this incredible investment property opportunity! Formerly used as the main cultivation facility for
Donn Bree & Meriah Druliner Red Hawk Realty
20 photos
$399,000 82 acres
0 Scala Lane, Montague, California 96064 - Siskiyou County

Scala Lane Pastures

82 +/- acres with approximately 78 acres of irrigated pasture, a pond, and 85 shares of Shasta River Irrigation District water! There is a wooden corral system and barbed wire fencing in place. The property is currently used for grazing cattle and growing hay. Located in Shasta Valley, between Yreka and Montague for easy access to town and conveniences, this Siskiyou County property has lovely Mt. Shasta views and could make for a great place to build your home, ranch, horse property or expand your current operation. Nearby Yreka has a population of just under 8,000 people and is the county seat of Siskiyou County. Its at an elevation of approx. 2500 feet, with an average summer high of 88 degrees. The area gets an average of 17 inches of r
California Outdoor Properties California Outdoor Properties